When first-time homebuyers in Singapore think of HDB flats, they’re thinking of either BTO or resale flats.
We could go on for ages about the pros and cons of each (we actually do, in this article). If you’ve decided on the resale option, here’s a step-by-step guide to walk you through the HDB resale procedure, from confirming your eligibility to obtaining an Option to Purchase (OTP) to finally sealing the deal.
Most of this can actually be completed on the HDB Resale Portal, so it’s a lot more simple than you might think!
How to buy an HDB resale flat on your own?
- Login to HDB Resale Portal to register your intent to buy
- Plan your finances
- Shortlist the HDB flat you want
- Receive the HDB OTP (Option to Purchase) from the seller and exercise it
- Submit resale application to HDB
Pre-purchase checks for home seekers
Before you start your HDB resale flat hunt, you should double-check whether you’re eligible to buy a resale flat here for specific eligibility schemes unique to you:
- Public Scheme: If you’re buying a HDB resale flat with a family member – this could be your spouse, children, parent, etc
- Fiancé/ Fiancée Scheme: If you’re buying a HDB resale flat with… your fiancé/ fiancée (Who else?)
- Single Singapore Citizen Scheme: Single pringles, Singapore citizens, above 35, could do with a bachelor/ bachelorette pad
- Joint Singles Scheme: Single pringles, Singapore citizens, above 35, could do with a shared bachelor/ bachelorette pad
- Non-Citizen Spouse Scheme:
- See the complete list of schemes here.
A few tips about your eligibility:
- Income ceiling: Unlike BTO flats, there are no income ceilings for the purchase of HDB resale flats! However, it might affect the CPF housing grants that you can apply for.
- Ownership of additional properties: When purchasing a HDB resale flat, you cannot have any other HDB flats, private or overseas property under your name. If you do own one, dispose of them within 6 months of your resale flat purchase transaction.
Now, you’re ready to start your home-buying journey:
1. Register your Intent to Buy
Log in to the HDB Resale Portal via your Singpass to register your “intent to buy” an HDB Resale Flat.
If you’re buying the flat together with a partner or family, only one of you needs to register your Intent to Buy.
Note that even if you engage a property agent for the buying process, they’re not allowed to register the Intent to Buy on your behalf, but they can guide you through it.
Your Intent to Buy will be valid for 12 months, after which you’ll have to re-apply before taking any other steps to buy your HDB flat.
2. Plan your finances
In determining the suitable flat choices within your budget, here are some financial planning considerations to make it easier for your search.
- Cash and CPF savings
- Housing Loan
- CPF Housing Grant Scheme
- Payments involved
Use these HDB financial tools to get a gauge of your current financial position and how much you can borrow.
Cash and CPF savings
Here’s what you can only pay by cash:
- A deposit to the seller (a maximum of $5,000, paid in 2 stages: the option fee, and the deposit)
- Part of the initial payment (if you take a bank loan, or have insufficient CPF savings)
- Amount not covered by CPF savings and eligible housing loan amount
- Cash proceeds from disposing of the last flat if you are taking a second HDB loan*
Part of the cash proceeds from the disposal of your existing or previous home will be set aside if you are getting a second HDB loan. This amount determines the loan amount for your second loan.
How can you use your savings in your CPF Ordinary Account (OA)?
- Initial payment in whole or in part (depends on whether you use an HDB or bank housing loan)
- Partial or full payment for the flat purchase
- Monthly mortgage instalments
You can take on a housing loan with HDB or a Financial Institution (FI):
- If you’re planning to take on a HDB housing loan, the HDB Resale Portal will guide you through the application for your HDB Loan Eligibility (HLE) letter. Getting a HLE letter doesn’t mean you’re bound to a HDB loan (it’s just the first step to getting a loan), but you’ll need this HLE letter for sellers to grant you the Option to Purchase, a document giving you the option to purchase (hello, Captain Obvious).
- If you’re taking on a housing loan from the bank, you must obtain a Letter of Offer (LO) from them before you exercise the Option to Purchase.
CPF Housing Grant Scheme
You can use the CPF Housing Grants – there’s up to $160,000 of it! – to offset the cost of your HDB flat.
Check the different types of CPF housing grants here.
Too much to digest? Here’s a summary of the payments you have to make for a Resale Flat purchase:
- Deposit to the seller (Option fee and deposit)
- Initial payment
- Cash payment for balance purchase price
- Additional miscellaneous costs
3. Shortlist the HDB flat you want
Time to start your HDB resale flat hunt!
Carousell Property, for one, has listings of HDB flats for sale by both property agents and direct owners themselves, giving you even more options to browse:
Browsing through many properties that do not fit with your criteria can cause you much frustration and wasted time. Shorten the process by making use of these Quick Filters!
The good thing about getting a resale (instead of a BTO) is that you’re free to pick from flats in any location in Singapore.
P.S. Choosing an HDB flat near to your parents’ place means that you can apply for the HDB Proximity Housing Grant (PHG) of up to $30,000!
4. Receive the HDB Option to purchase (OTP) from the seller and exercise it
Once you have reached a consensus with the seller regarding the sale price, they’ll then offer you an Option to Purchase (OTP).
This may also come with an Option Fee of no more than $1,000 – think of it as a sum of money you’re using to chope the flat.
Apply for a valuation of the flat, once again via the HDB website, by the next working day after you’ve been granted the OTP.
This is basically a calculation of how much you’re eligible to withdraw from your CPF savings, how much housing loan can be granted to you, and the minimum cash payment you must make.
You’ll need a valid valuation report if you’re taking a HDB or bank loan, or using your CPF monies to buy your flat or service your loan instalments.
Seal the deal by exercising the OTP within 21 days, up to 4pm on the expiry date. Accompanying this, pay a deposit of no more than $5,000, inclusive of the Option Fee.
For instance, if you paid $300 as an Option Fee, the seller can request no more than $5,000 – $300 = $4,700 as a deposit.
Otherwise, once the 21 days have lapsed, the seller can offer the flat to anyone else, and you lose your chance to purchase the flat (and the seller gets to keep your Option Fee!).
5. Submit resale application to HDB
Once that’s out of the way, both you and your seller will now have to submit your respective portions of the resale application separately, within 7 days of either submission.
What’s next? Attend the HDB Appointment with the seller and get the keys to your new home!
480 Lor 6 Toa Payoh
Mon-Fri: 8.30AM – 5PM
Sat: 8.30AM – 1PM
Tip: Here are some conditions for your information after buying your resale flat, such as the resale levy, requirements for renting out your new flat and more.
Purchasing your resale HDB flat in Singapore
That’s really it to your home-buying journey!
It takes about 8 weeks from the time you submit your resale application on the HDB Resale Portal till the time the entire transaction is completed And then, congratulations! You’re now a proud owner of your new home.
Here’s a pro tip: Buying your flat via the HDB Resale Portal is a lot easier for the buyer as compared to the seller, as they will be doing most of the work. *wink
If you’ve made it through this article, you should have no trouble purchasing your own HDB resale flat (P.S. There are tons of Mature VS Non-Mature Estates in Singapore: Which is Better? to help. Tons, as in, $160,000 tons!).